2021-04-24 来源：数学科学研究中心

Abstract：In this article we study the first eigenvalues of closed hyperbolic surfaces for large genus. We show that for every closed hyperbolic surface $X_g$ of genus $g$ $(g\geq 2)$, the first eigenvalue of $X_g$ is greater than $\frac{L_1(X_g)}{g^2}$ up to a uniform positive constant multiplication. Where $L_1(X_g)$ is the shortest length of simple closed multi-geodesics separating $X_g$. Moreover,we also show that this new lower bound is optimal as $g \to \infty$. This is a joint work with Yuhao Xue.